With 80 National Parks & 441 sanctuaries India is famous for its stupendous variety of wildlife. It has dedicated over 4.5% of its total landmass to the conservation of its natural heritage.
India has the exceptional richness and diversity of its flora and fauna It is home to about 350 mammal species, over a thousand and two hundred species of birds in nearly 2100 forms and more than 30,000 species of insects. Besides, there are a number of species of amphibians, fish and reptiles.
India's astonishing bio-diversity is the result of its unique topography that offers a wide range of climatic zones across the country. From the alpine forests of the Himalayas to the tropical wet evergreen jungles of the Ghats in the south, India offers an incredible range of biological and ecological diversity. The coastal region, the Deccan Plateau, the Western Ghats, the Gangetic plain, the Northeastern Region, Trans Himalayas, Semi Arid zones, Himalayas, the Indian Deserts, and the Indian Islands are the prominent wildlife zones in India, These areas have a wide variety of climate and vegetation ranging from the tropical to the temperate and is home to snow leopards, tigers, deer, bears, elephants, antelopes, deer, jackals, hyena, wild buffalo, bears, etc.
The national parks and wildlife sanctuaries throughout the length and breadth of India have played a significant role in the conservation of endangered species. It is very heartening to note that an awareness of the necessity of conservation and preservation of India's wildlife is growing. Efforts are being made to conserve the wildlife and the concept of Project Tiger, biosphere reserves, project elephant, and eco-development projects are some of the steps in this direction. The conservation programs and policies are being made a community development affair.
There is a plenty of wildlife adventure opportunities in India. As the tropical forests are very dense and as a result visibility is not good. This makes the adventure safaris thrilling and exciting. The options are endless and varied, and the environment within India's National parks and wildlife sanctuaries is one of pristine serenity. Animals move and sleep undisturbed in their natural habitat. The truly wonderful wildlife heritage of India is one its greatest natural resources. There is an urgent need to protect and nurture these natural habitats from the threat of growing urbanization. And dwindling of the forest areas is a matter of grave concern.